Wreaths of red Flanders poppies are traditionally placed at memorials on ANZAC Day.
On 25 April every year, Australians commemorate ANZAC Day. It commemorates the landing of Australian and New Zealand troops at Gallipoli on 25 April 1915. The date, 25 April, was officially named ANZAC Day in 1916.
ANZAC stands for Australian and New Zealand Army Corps. In 1917, the word ANZAC meant someone who fought at Gallipoli. ANZAC Day became a day on which the lives of all Australians lost in war time were remembered. The spirit of ANZAC recognises the qualities of courage, mateship and sacrifice which were demonstrated at the Gallipoli landing.
Commemorative services are held at dawn on 25 April, the time of the original landing, across the nation, usually at war memorials. This was initiated by returned soldiers after the First World War in the 1920s as a common form of remembrance. The first official dawn service was held at the Sydney Cenotaph in 1927, which was also the first year that all states recognised a public holiday on the day. Initially dawn services were only attended by veterans who followed the ritual of ‘standing to’ before two minutes of silence was observed, broken by the sound of a lone piper playing the ‘Last Post’. Later in the day, there were marches in all the major cities and many smaller towns for families and other well wishers.
The story of our Anzac’s (Click on the photo to watch the video)
*The ANZACs were on the Gallipoli Peninsula for only 8 months, around 9,000 of them died there.
*The Gallipoli Peninsula is very near the famous ancient city of Troy in Turkey.
*The ANZACs were all volunteers.
*The ‘Last Post’ gave one last warning to any soldiers still at large that it was time to retire for the evening. The ‘Last Post’ is incorporated into funeral and memorial services as a final farewell and symbolises that the duty of the dead is over and that they can rest in peace.
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A tribute to the memory of the ANZACs
by M. Kemal Atatürk, 1934
(Founder of the Turkish Republic in 1923)
THE ANZAC MEMORIAL
Those heroes that shed their blood And lost their lives…
You are now lying in the soil of a friendly country.
Therefore, rest in peace.
There is no difference between the Johnnies
And the Mehmets to us where they lie side by side,
Here in this country of ours.
You, the mothers, who sent their sons from far away countries…
Wipe away your tears.
Your sons are now lying in our bosom And are in peace.
After having lost their lives on this land, they have
Become our sons as well.
Members of 9th Battery, 3rd Field Artillery Brigade (3FAB), load an 18 pounder gun in a sand bagged gun pit during evacuation at Gallipoli December 19, 1915.
See more photo’s “Under fire” Herald Sun Picture Gallery
Gallipoli from Both Sides:- Herald Sun Picture Gallery.
IT is the trip Frank Gould has been waiting his whole life to make. At the age of 91, the World War II veteran yesterday started on a journey to Gallipoli to sit with his mates and pay tribute to “the boys who never came home”. Read the full story in the Herald Sun.